Islam was revealed at a time when the Arabian Peninsula was in a state of social anarchy. The legislation on which Islam is built transformed this hedonistic pagan society into one based on social justice and morality of the highest order, with tauhid (monotheism) as its fundamental principle.
This study traces the evolution of Islamic legislation (the shari’ah) through six periods.
In this volume, the first three periods are explored, from the first revelation by Allah of the Holy Qur’an to Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, until his death. Then the rule under the four rightly guided caliphs – Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Aliy (may Allah be pleased with them). And finally, the period of the scholars among the successors of the companions of the Prophet known as the Tabi-’in.